Introduction
Core Function
Nuclear Safety
Nuclear Non Proliferation
Nuclear Technology
Women and Youth in Nuclear
 
 
 
 
introduction

South Africa has an energy intensive economy mainly as a consequence of the exploitation of the country’s mineral resources. Coal accounts for over 90% of the total electricity generating capacity. This is mainly due to the abundant coal deposits in the north-eastern parts of the country.

This resulted in South Africa building its first nuclear power station in the Western Cape during the 1980’s in order to ameliorate the situation. Although at present nuclear power accounts for only approximately 6% of electricity generated in the country, it is very important in an area where there are no coal reserves.

Concerns over increases in the price of coal, reserve exhaustion and global warming, partly as a result of greenhouse gas emissions and other atmospheric pollutants, necessitate a departure from the over-reliance on electricity generated from coal.

South Africa also possesses sizeable uranium reserves and has an extensive uranium mining industry, making the country one of the important producers of uranium in the world. The presence of this primary energy source in South Africa is a key element of security of energy supply nationally.

energy sources
Petroleum: fuel price, focus areas, domestic influences...
Natural Gas: Governance, International agreements, developments...
Electricity: Independent power producers, supply industry, free basic electricity...
Coal: Reserves, production, carbon sequestration...
Renewable & Alternative Fuels: Includes hydropower, solar, wind, biomass...
Nuclear: Non-proliferation, safety, technolgy, IYNC, WiNSA...
acts & legislations
Policies and Legislation: Acts, policies, regulations, legislations...
programmes & projects
national electricity plan...
installation of 1 million solar water heaters by
2014...
processes, systems and structures...
DNA: Kyoto Protocol, CDM...