Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change aims to curb the air pollution blamed for
global warming. It came into force on 16 February 2005, seven
years after it was agreed. The accord requires countries to
cut emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
About 141 countries, accounting for 55 percent of greenhouse
gas emissions, have ratified the treaty, which pledges to
cut these emissions by 5.2 percent by 2012. Read
the full document.
regulation under Section 25 of the National Environmental
Management Act establishing the Designated National
Authority (DNA) was gazetted on 24 December 2004
by Martinus van Schalkwyk, the minister of the Department
of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. The regulation established
the DNA within the Department of Minerals and Energy and provides
the DNA with its legal mandate to oversee the Clean
Development Mechanism (CDM) in South Africa.
The CDM was established in December 1997 by the Third Conference
of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC). The CDM allows industrialised countries with
emission-reduction commitments to meet part of their commitments
by investing in projects in developing countries that reduce
greenhouse-gas emissions while contributing to the local sustainable
development needs of the host country. To allow CDM projects
to occur, host countries need to designate national authorities
to evaluate and approve the operation of CDM projects in their
South Africa has established a Designated National Authority
to fulfil this function as well as other functions related
to the successful implementation of the CDM in South Africa,
including the promotion of investment in CDM projects.