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opportunities in south africa
South Africa is classified as a developing country for the purposes of the UNFCCC and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).

From the developing country perspective, the CDM offers the following opportunities:
It can attract capital for projects that assist in the shift to a more prosperous but less carbon-intensive economy;
It encourages and permits the active participation of private and public sectors;
It can be an effective tool of technology transfer if investment is channeled into projects that replace old and inefficient fossil fuel technology or create new industries in environmentally sustainable technologies; and
It can help developing countries define investment priorities in projects that meet their sustainable development goals.

In South Africa, the CDM may provide additional investment for the development of activities that reduce the combustion of fossil fuels (particularly coal, oil, gas and paraffin), reduce methane emissions (from landfill sites for example) and improve land use patterns (such as reforestation). This investment, which is directly related to the extent to which emissions are reduced could make some businesses in South Africa more viable.
SA CDM projects portfolio

To date, there are 360 CDM projects submitted to the DNA – 220 Project Idea Notes (PINs) and 140 Project Design Documents (PDDs). Out of 140 PDDs, 90 have been registered (35 Programme of Activities) by the CDM Executive Board as CDM projects (15 Issued with CER’s), and 48 are at different stages of the project cycle – DNA approval, validation stage and/or request for review. The projects submitted to the DNA for initial review and approval cover the following types, bio-fuels, energy efficiency, waste management, cogeneration, fuel switching and hydro-power, and cover sectors like manufacturing, mining, agriculture, energy, waste management, housing, transport and residential. The table below is a consolidated list of projects at PDD and PIN stages. To view more information on the registered projects, please go to

Click here to view a database of all projects submitted to the DNA.

how to register a project?
Specific processes must be followed for a project to become an official CDM project which is eligible for the issuance of certified emission reduction (CERs), or carbon credits.

See CDM Project Cycle and the DNA Approval Process.
energy sources
Petroleum: fuel price, focus areas, domestic influences...
Natural Gas: Governance, International agreements, developments...
Electricity: Independent power producers, supply industry, free basic electricity...
Coal: Reserves, production, carbon sequestration...
Renewable & Alternative Fuels: Includes hydropower, solar, wind, biomass...
Nuclear: Non-proliferation, safety, technolgy, IYNC, WiNSA...
acts & legislations
Policies and Legislation: Acts, policies, regulations, legislations...
programmes & projects
national electricity plan...
installation of 1 million solar water heaters by
processes, systems and structures...
DNA: Kyoto Protocol, CDM...