Designated National Authority
Clean Development Mechanism
Carbon Trading
SA CDM Projects Portfolio
Role Players
News and Bulletins
Public Commentary
Kyoto Protocol
Designated Operational Entities (DOE)
  A Designated Operational Entity under the CDM has two key functions:
  1) validates and subsequently requests registration of a proposed CDM project activity; and
  2) verifies emission reduction of a registered CDM project activity certifies as appropriate and requests the Board to issue Certified Emission Reductions accordingly
  Click here to view a list of DOE's
Investors & Certified Emission Reductions (CERS)
  Buyers Investors or CER buyers can be parties from the developed (Annex 1) countries wishing to purchase CERs from the host country. It could be private sector, NGOs, Government or multilateral funds (e.g. the World Bank).
  Click here to view a list of investors and CER buyers
Project Developers
  Project developers assist in developing and operating the CDM projects and sometimes own the certified emission reductions (CERs) generated from the project implementation.
  Click here to view a list of Project developers
energy sources
Petroleum: fuel price, focus areas, domestic influences...
Natural Gas: Governance, International agreements, developments...
Electricity: Independent power producers, supply industry, free basic electricity...
Coal: Reserves, production, carbon sequestration...
Renewable & Alternative Fuels: Includes hydropower, solar, wind, biomass...
Nuclear: Non-proliferation, safety, technolgy, IYNC, WiNSA...
acts & legislations
Policies and Legislation: Acts, policies, regulations, legislations...
programmes & projects
national electricity plan...
installation of 1 million solar water heaters by
processes, systems and structures...
DNA: Kyoto Protocol, CDM...